It is possible to divide asset recovery into a number of different camps depending on the circumstances giving rise to the need for claiming back money or goods that rightfully belong elsewhere.
The first of these areas include criminal asset recovery or confiscation, from fraudsters and other criminals who benefit from their crime such as drug dealers or those that deal in human trafficking. Such asset recovery is carried out through the criminal justice system but can also involve civil asset recovery using both the civil and the criminal courts depending on the circumstances.
The next area is the asset tracing and recovery from fraudsters or persons or organisations involved in sharp business practice through the civil courts. This involves civil litigation through the civil courts.
Last but not least is the recovery of assets from insolvent individuals and organisations. This is recovery of assets after the fact, attempting to trace assets that should be available to creditors of the insolvent entity. A fraud investigator investigating such losses must need to be aware of both criminal and civil considerations when dealing with bankruptcies, receiverships and liquidations. An insolvency will normally be investigated under the provisions contained within the Insolvency Act 1986 which details of numerous criminal offences.
Whatever powers and provisions used to investigate and recover assets, there can be no better outcome to asset recovery than when negotiated settlemement and recovery is achieved. This means that costly litigation is avoided and a fraudster may well avoid the most serious sanctions if he pays the money back.
When deciding to investigate a loss due to fraudulent activity with a view to recovering assets an understanding of the likelihood of recovery must be obtained before substantial resources are expended on protracted analysis, interviews and other research. This is to reduce the risk of the gamble taken as to whether or not an asset recovery action will be successeful. It is quite easy for legal fees to reach six figures and more when asset freezing injunctions, search orders, financial investigations and legal counsel are employed by lawyers progressing a case. This is why it is always a good idea to have a fraud response plan in place within any organisation (in addition to a fraud policy) which sets out how to act if a fraud or loss is suspected. Provisions can be made for an immediate and totally confidential appraisal by a fraud expert in order that the correct decisions can be made at the start and costly mistakes avoided.